Monday, August 5, 2013

The Art of Fish Keeping

Fishkeeping is a popular hobby concerned with keeping fish in a home aquarium or garden pond. There is also a fish keeping industry, as a branch of agriculture.

Types Of Fish Keeping System:

Fishkeepers are often known as "aquarists", since many of them are not solely interested in keeping fish. The hobby can be broadly divided into three specific disciplines according to the type of water the fish tolerate: freshwater, brackish, and marine (also called saltwater) fish keeping.


Freshwater fish-keeping is by far the most popular branch of the hobby, with even small pet stores often selling a variety of freshwater fish, such as goldfish, guppies, and angelfish. While most freshwater aquaria are community tanks containing a variety of compatible species, single-species breeding aquaria are also popular. Livebearing fish such as mollies and guppies are among those most easily raised in captivity, but aquarists also regularly breed many types of cichlid, catfish, characin, and killifish.

Many shopkeepers create freshwater aquascapes where the focus is on aquatic plants as well as fish. These aquaria include "Dutch Aquaria", named for European aquarists who designed them. In recent years, one of the most active advocates of the heavily planted aquarium is the Japanese aquarist Takashi Amano.

Garden ponds are in some ways similar to freshwater aquaria, but are usually much larger and exposed to ambient weather. In the tropics, tropical fish can be kept in garden ponds, but in thetemperate zone species such as goldfish, koi, and orfe work better.


Marine aquarium are generally more difficult to maintain and the livestock is significantly more expensive. As a result this branch tends to attract more experienced fish-keepers. Marine aquaria can be exceedingly beautiful, due to the attractive colors and shapes of the corals and the coral reef fish they host. Temperate zone marine fish are not as commonly kept in home aquaria, primarily because they do not thrive at room temperature. Coldwater aquaria must provide cooler temperature via a cool room (such as an unheated basement) or a refrigeration device known as a 'chiller'.

Marine aquarists often attempt to recreate a coral reef in their aquarium using large quantities of living rock, porous calcareous rocks encrusted with coralline algae, sponges, worms, and other small marine organisms. Larger corals as well as shrimps, crabs, echinoderms, and mollusks are added later on, once the aquarium has matured, as well as a variety of small fish. Such aquaria are sometimes called reef tanks.

Brackish water

Brackish water aquaria combine elements of the other types, with salinity that must stay between that of freshwater and seawater. Brackish water fish come from habitats with varying salinity, such as mangroves and estuaries, and do not thrive if kept permanently in freshwater. Although brackish water aquaria are not necessarily familiar to inexperienced aquarists, many species prefer brackish water, including some mollies, many gobies, some puffer-fish, mono's, scats, and virtually all the freshwater soles

1 comment:

  1. Great easy to understand blog post on the different types of fish keeping. I was going to add that you could almost make plant keeping a category by itself. There are keepers than put more effort into growing plants then keeping fish. I'm thinking something like an aquascape. Planted aquariums are a huge under-taking in themselves because of all the additional concepts you can learn to grow plants under water.
    Here's some great information on planted aquarium if anyone's interested.

    Freshwater Planted Aquarium